When Parents Feel Less Stress, More Autonomy at Work, Kids’ Health May Benefit
New research suggests children’s health is less likely to be negatively affected when parents feel a sense of control over their work lives. Investigators found that simple measures to advance work-place autonomy can help parents recharge, gain a sense of control, and improve parenting.
The finding adds to prior findings that show that sick children can influence a company’s bottom line if parents are distracted or have to take time off to care for their children.
Investigators believe workers can learn techniques such as mindfulness to help them transition from the workplace to the home environment. Moreover, business and industry leaders may be motivated to improve workplace autonomy if they understand that boosting a worker’s sense of control can directly improve profitability.
The paper appears in the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology.
“If you can decide how you are going to do your job, rather than having that imposed on you, it is better for children,” said co-author Dr. Christiane Spitzmueller, professor of industrial organizational psychology at the University of Houston.
The good news, she said, is that there are things organizations can do to provide employees with that sense of control.
The researchers collected data from both parents and children in Lagos, Nigeria, targeting one group of low-income families and a second group of more affluent families. Teenage children from both groups were surveyed at their schools and asked to assess their own health.
Spitzmueller said the researchers expect their findings to be applicable in the United States, as the more affluent families had education levels, incomes and expectations of family life that are similar to those in Western nations.
While the low-income group included people living in dire poverty, she noted that their responses did not differ markedly from those of the wealthier group.
“Economic resources were not as much of a buffer as we would have thought,” she said.
Instead, feelings of autonomy in the workplace accounted for the difference between families where the parents’ work-family conflicts played out in health problems for the children and those whose children fared better.
The researchers looked at so-called “self-regulatory resources,” or the amount of self-control parents bring to parenting, including the ability to act in a more reflective manner.
“If a parent has too many stressors, it reduces your self-control,” Spitzmueller said.
Parental self-control was linked to better health outcomes for children. In other words, how we parent when we experience high levels of stress is probably fundamentally different from how we parent when we are coping well.
“At lower levels of job autonomy,” the researchers wrote, “employees likely have to rely more on self-regulatory resources to compensate for the impact of limited control over one’s job on one’s personal life.
“At higher levels of job autonomy, freedom and more decision-making opportunities are likely to motivate the person to engage, but self-regulatory resources would be less needed.”
The impact was most pronounced when job demands are high and job autonomy is low, and Spitzmueller said that allows for potential interventions and policies to address the issue.
Some are relatively simple, including teaching parents to take a few minutes to recharge before plunging from the workplace into parenthood. Practicing mindfulness, Spitzmueller said, can allow parents to “replenish their resources.”
Source: University of Houston